Computational Social Science
Computational Social Science is an interdisciplinary field closely related to complex systems as well. CSS is largely aiming to bring computational and data-driven methods to understand social phenomena, particularly in those cases where traditional mathematical and econometric methods have failed. Unlike natural sciences (biology, chemistry, physics, etc.), social sciences have less access to laboratory experiments (you cannot put the whole world in a lab), altghough experiments and experimental studies with human subjects have been done and are being done still. But the easiest and most efficient way to understand social phenomena now is to use computer simulations.
This simulation from the NetLogo models library shows the evolution of the Anasazi population and explores scenarios that have been more likely to lead to the collapse of the civilization.
"Let's decide right now whether you'll adapt to me or I'll adapt to you." (SELF-ANNIHILATING SENTENCES - Saul Gorn's Compendium Of Rarely Used Cliches, 1985)